Are you looking for information on how to open a dispensary in Maine? This page will keep you up to date on the most recent news and information on the state’s cannabis business. This offers important information regarding what will happen in the next months.
Marijuana legalization has come a long way in Maine. In 1999, Maine legalized medical marijuana, starting a gradual push toward full legalization. On November 8, 2016, Maine voters adopted Question 1, joining a growing number of states that have legalized the recreational use, retail sale, and taxation of marijuana. In April 2018, the Maine Legislature enacted LD 1719, establishing the legislative framework for cannabis sales in the state. The law was vetoed by Governor LePage, but his veto was overcome in early May 2018.
Adult-use cannabis retail sales commenced on October 9, 2020, after a series of unpleasant delays. As of May 2022, the cannabis retail sales in Maine for the total calendar year amounted to $51,509,538 with 777,385 sales transactions.
On July 26, 2023, Gov. Janet Mills signed a bill allowing licensed marijuana businesses in the state to claim tax deductions, bypassing the federal IRS code 280E. The bill extends existing tax relief measures for the state’s medical cannabis industry. The new law directs a portion of marijuana sales tax revenue to compensate for the revenue loss caused by these deductions. Starting January 1, various cannabis businesses, including registered caregivers, dispensaries, manufacturing facilities, cannabis establishments, and testing facilities, can take advantage of these deductions.
According to Marijuana Business Daily, Maine’s market should reach $275–325 million by 2024.
Municipalities in Maine are required to opt-in to the adult-use program in order to get permission to operate cannabis businesses in their communities. Votes taken either by the town council or by the people on the ballot may decide whether or not a town will participate in the program.
The Office of Cannabis Policy gathers data from a wide number of sources to generate statistics on the opt-in status of municipalities around the state of Maine. As of June 2022, 50 municipalities have established rules allowing retail cannabis businesses to operate inside their borders. This page has a list that details the municipalities that have either opted in or opted out of adult-use marijuana.
Maine’s relationship with the marijuana industry dates back to 1913 when they prohibited it, joining the bandwagon of other states who decided to create cannabis laws. However, in 1976, Maine changed its tune by decriminalizing small amounts.
Maine’s next step was in 1999 when ballot question 2 was voted on to create a medical marijuana program. The program is run by Maine’s Department of Health and Human Services. Initially, this allowed eight non-profit, licensed dispensaries, but it wasn’t until 2009 that the remaining legislation allowed marijuana to be sold. The Maine Medical Marijuana Act would expand upon the previous existing state laws:
In July of 2018, two new medical marijuana bills were proposed.
LD 238, which allows for 3rd party extraction of medical cannabis.
LD 1539, which involved reform put together by Maine’s Health and Human Services Committee. The first important part of this removed the qualifying condition list so any resident can use medical marijuana as long as their doctor thinks it would benefit them. Patients will also not be required to designate a caregiver or dispensary as their sole provider. Finally, this bill added two more dispensaries to the original eight. Most importantly, the cap will be lifted off dispensaries on January 1st, 2021.
Both bills were vetoed by Governor LePage but turned over by the state legislature and went into effect on December 13th, 2018.
The next big step for Maine was the Marijuana Legalization Act. The act was specified to take effect within 40 days of November 8th, 2016. The act did the following:
In 2017, as this became a bill to be passed into law (Bill LD 1719), Governor LePage vetoed the bill to regulate and tax recreational sales. This was specifically due to the conflicts of the federal government’s stance on the issue. However, the state legislature was able to overturn the veto successfully, and it became a law. This law made some noticeable changes from what was passed by voters in 2016, including disallowing social clubs for consumption, which essentially means that consumption must be done in private residences. The second significant change is the lowering of 6 flowering plants allowed to have only 3 for personal use.
Sales were supposed to start in Q2 2020, but due to a series of mainly COVID-19-related delays, the Maine Office of Marijuana Policy finally announced that retail sales would begin on October 9th, 2020.
There are four potential licenses which include:
To apply for a cannabis business license in Maine you have to go through 3 steps.
Your first step to opening a dispensary business in Maine (or any cannabis business) is you need to receive a conditional license. First, you must go through a criminal background check. All applicants and their employees must next apply for the OMP-issued Individual Identification Card (IIC). Once this process is taken care of the application must be submitted along with fees. Within 90 days, Maine’s Office of Marijuana Policy will look over the information you submitted and either deny the license or issue a non-renewable conditional license. Each conditional license is valid for one year.
To get an “active license,” you must be authorized by the local municipality. Each municipality has 90 days to respond to your request. In some instances, they are given an additional 90 days to respond.
If the local municipality determines that the applicant has satisfied all local regulations and licensing requirements, they may choose to approve. The Office of Marijuana policy will receive this authorization form directly.
Once the OMP receives local authorization, they will request additional information and updated documents within ten days from the applicant.
This will include:
The OMP will review your supplemental information and if all approved, will issue an invoice to the applicant for the licensing fee.
Upon receipt of payment, the applicant will be issued an “active license” valid for one year.
Maine’s Department of Administrative and Financial Services is charged with the regulation and licensing of cannabis businesses. When crafting rules for cultivation, testing, and manufacturing, the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Conservation and Forestry must be consulted. When it comes to public safety and law enforcement, they must consult with the Department of Public Safety.
Here are the costs and capital requirements associated with opening a dispensary in Maine.
Location is essential for aspiring business owners since the cost of opening a dispensary in a given town or city may range anywhere from $100 to $40,000.
Startup costs include application fees ranging from $60 – $500 depending on the type of application you are doing. This includes:
To personally be able to apply for a business license, you must
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